by Yieldstreet | Staff
To measure investor’s potential return on an investment, YieldStreet uses the Internal Rate of Return (IRR). Unlike other measurements of an investment’s performance, like Return on Investment (ROI), the IRR can provide a more accurate measure of return by taking into account metrics such as varying cash flow and time passed. IRR is represented as an annualized growth rate, and can give investors an understanding of profit during the lifetime of an investment.
We find that IRR suits YieldStreet investment opportunities because they frequently have varying cash flows from year to year resulting from principal pay-downs (such as debt pay-offs in portfolios of multiple real estate opportunities) and event-based payments (such as case settlements in litigation portfolios).
Simply put, the IRR is the rate earned on every dollar actively invested for each period that it is invested. In technical terms, IRR is an interest rate that makes the net present value (NPV) of all cash flows from a particular investment equal to 0, or in other words, it is the interest rate at which your investment breaks even.
The formula for calculating IRR is as follows:
Ct = net cash inflow during the period t
Co= total initial investment costs
r = interest rate, and
t = number of time periods
To calculate IRR, one would set the NPV (net present value) to 0, and solve for r (interest rate).
In order to get a firm grip on how IRR works, let’s break down some of the variables in the formula.
Net Cash Flow During the Period t – This is a net sum of money in and money out during a particular time period. An example of money in would be the interest payment you get from an investment. An example of money out is the initial investment you make at the beginning of the term.
Total Initial Investment Costs – This is the initial investment amount.
Interest Rate – When solved for, this will be the IRR.
NPV (Net Present Value) – The NPV is the net sum of discounted cash flows in an investment, in other words the sum of money that came in (interest payments or principal payments) and money that went out (money spent or invested), while taking into account the passage of time and the yield.
For active offerings, the IRR is calculated assuming the investment produces cash flows in the form of interest and principal payments as stated in the loan documents or as projected. The IRR also assumes an annual rate of payment which, when payments occur more frequently, results in a higher IRR than the underlying rate of interest accrual.
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1 Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Any historical returns, expected returns, or probability projections may not reflect actual future performance. All securities involve risk and may result in significant losses.
2 Represents an average net realized internal rate of return (IRR) with respect to all matured investments in your portfolio, utilizing the effective dates and amounts to and from the investments and net of management fees and all other expenses charged to the investments. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future results and should not be relied upon as the basis for making an investment decision. All securities involve risk and may result in significant losses, including the loss of principal invested.[read more]
3 "Annual interest" or "Annualized Return" represents an annual target rate of interest or annualized target return and "term" represents the estimated term of the investment. Such target interest or target returns and estimated term are projections of the interest or returns and or term and may ultimately not be achieved. Actual interest or returns and term may be materially different from such projections. This targeted interest or returns and estimated term are based on the underlying investments held by the applicable.
4 Reflects the annualized distribution rate that is calculated by taking the most recent quarterly distribution approved by the Fund's Board of Directors and dividing it by prior quarter-end NAV and annualizing it. The Fund’s distribution may exceed its earnings. Therefore, a portion of the Fund’s distribution may be a return of the money you originally invested and represent a return of capital to you for tax purposes.
5 Represents the sum of the interest accrued in the statement period plus the interest paid in the statement period.
6 The internal rate of return ("IRR") represents an average net realized IRR with respect to all matured investments weighted by the investment size of each individual investment, made by private investment vehicles managed by YieldStreet Management, LLC from July 1, 2015 through and including Dec 22th, 2021, after deduction of management fees and all other expenses charged to investments.
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